The beginning of pregnancy

The Second Trimester of Pregnancy

The beginning of pregnancy. Pregnancy occurs when a man’s sperm fertilizes a woman’s egg. It travels through the fallopian tube and implants itself in the uterine wall. Pregnancy usually lasts about 40 weeks divided into three trimesters. Many women experience uncomfortable symptoms and physical changes during pregnancy. To decrease the risk of complications, women should practice proper prenatal care, avoid dangerous drugs and choose the best method of delivery for them.

A woman usually knows she is pregnant when she misses one or more periods. However, missing a period does not always mean a woman is pregnant, and women often experience other symptoms of pregnancy before missing a period. While some women experience multiple symptoms, others don’t experience any.

Early signs of pregnancy include:

  • Nausea and vomiting (morning sickness)
  • Slight bleeding
  • Swollen breasts or nipples
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Mood swings
  • Food cravings
  • Frequent urination

These symptoms are also similar to those of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and other medical conditions. To confirm pregnancy and rule out other medical conditions, women should talk to their doctors if they notice any of these signs.

Many women use a home pregnancy test before calling their doctor. The tests do not require a prescription and are typically accurate. The best time to take the test is a week after the first missed period or at least one to two weeks after “segs”.

Quick Facts About Pregnancy:

  • Pregnancies last three trimesters, for a total of roughly 40 weeks.
  • Common side effects of pregnancy include nausea, vomiting, swelling, varicose veins, backaches, hemorrhoids, heartburn, fatigue, constipation and sleep loss.
  • Proper prenatal care and avoidance of harmful substances and drugs can increase the chances of a healthy pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy complications can occur from improper prenatal care and preexisting conditions, or for no obvious reason at all. But most complications are treatable if detected early.
  • The variety of methods for giving birth range from natural births to C-sections and water births to deliveries in a hospital bed.
  • Women should maintain open communication and regular contact with their healthcare providers throughout their pregnancies.


The early stages of pregnancy can be challenging. In our next article from the drugwatch, we shall deal with the first trimester and what to look out for. Keep sharing our articles from the Ghana Health News and keep looking out for more

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