HIV Prevalence | This is a Summary of the 2016 HIV Sentinel Survey report.

Not many people have had the opportunity to read the survey.

Not many people too can read it all even when they have copies.

The Ghana Aids Commission has put out a short summery that gives an idea of what the survey brought out for 2016

The National Prevalence amongst pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in 2016 is 2.4%.

HIV prevalence among the young population (15-24 years), a proxy for new infections remained unchanged at 1.1%.

HIV prevalence by age group 45-49 is highest at 5.6%, followed by 35-39 at 3.5% with 15-19 being the lowest at 0.6%.

The regional HIV prevalence ranged from 2.7% in the Volta and Brong Ahafo regions as the regions with the highest prevalence to 0.7% in Northern region the lowest.

Site HIV prevalence ranged from 0.4% in Nalerigu to 4.2% in Agomanya and Sunyani.

The highest prevalence within urban sites was 4.2% in Agormanya and Sunyani followed by Wa 3.7%.

Rural prevalence in 2016 ranged from 0.5% in Builsa, Kintampo and Salaga to 3.3% in Fanteakwa.

A linear trend analysis of ANC HIV prevalence since 2001 shows a declining epidemic despite the increase from last year’s prevalence of 1.8%.

The proportion of HIV subtype 1 is 98.5% compared to 1.5% for dual HIV type 1 and 2 infection in the 2016 survey. There was no HIV subtype 2 infection.

Median syphilis prevalence for 2016 is 0.2%. Regional syphilis prevalence ranged from 0.0% in Brong Ahafo and Upper East regions to 0.8% in the Central region.

HIV prevalence amongst STI clients is 5.4% and Syphilis prevalence amongst STI clients remained at 0.3%

Comparatively HIV prevalence is higher in urban areas while Syphilis is higher in rural areas


  • Volta Region 2.7%
  • Brong Ahafo Region 2.7%
  • Eastern Region 2.6%
  • Ashanti Region 2.6 %
  • Western Region 2.5%
  • Upper West Region 2.5%
  • Greater Accra Region 2.4%
  • Central Region 1.8%
  • Upper East Region 1.7%
  • Northern Region 0.7%

The continues to follow the work of the Ghana Aids Commission, especially with respect to how it is working hard to achieve the 90-90-90

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Source: Ghana Aids Commission