HIV prevalence among the young population (15-24 years), a proxy for new infections remained unchanged at 1.1%.
HIV prevalence by age group 45-49 is highest at 5.6%, followed by 35-39 at 3.5% with 15-19 being the lowest at 0.6%.
The regional HIV prevalence ranged from 2.7% in the Volta and Brong Ahafo regions as the regions with the highest prevalence to 0.7% in Northern region the lowest.
Site HIV prevalence ranged from 0.4% in Nalerigu to 4.2% in Agomanya and Sunyani.
The highest prevalence within urban sites was 4.2% in Agormanya and Sunyani followed by Wa 3.7%.
Rural prevalence in 2016 ranged from 0.5% in Builsa, Kintampo and Salaga to 3.3% in Fanteakwa.
A linear trend analysis of ANC HIV prevalence since 2001 shows a declining epidemic despite the increase from last yearâ€™s prevalence of 1.8%.
The proportion of HIV subtype 1 is 98.5% compared to 1.5% for dual HIV type 1 and 2 infection in the 2016 survey. There was no HIV subtype 2 infection.
Median syphilis prevalence for 2016 is 0.2%. Regional syphilis prevalence ranged from 0.0% in Brong Ahafo and Upper East regions to 0.8% in the Central region.
HIV prevalence amongst STI clients is 5.4% and Syphilis prevalence amongst STI clients remained at 0.3%
Comparatively HIV prevalence is higher in urban areas while Syphilis is higher in rural areas
2016 HIV SENTINEL SURVEY Regional Prevalence
- Volta Region 2.7%
- Brong Ahafo Region 2.7%
- Eastern Region 2.6%
- Ashanti Region 2.6 %
- Western Region 2.5%
- Upper West Region 2.5%
- Greater Accra Region 2.4%
- Central Region 1.8%
- Upper East Region 1.7%
- Northern Region 0.7%
2016 HIV SENTINEL SURVEY
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Souce: Ghana AIDS Commission